What Is The Difference Between Gingivitis And Periodontitis?

Dental Patient Suffering From Gum Disease

Everyone’s gums bleed, it’s a part of our oral health. But when does gum bleeding advance into gum disease? What are the long-term effects of those conditions? Here at Florida Dental Centers, we like to keep patients informed with up-to-date medical terminology and treatments. That is why we have put together this short piece about gum disease, the various kinds, and when you should go in for a visit.


The Difference In Types of Gum Disease

There are two main types of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontitis. They differ in severity and treatment but are both commonly referred to as gum disease.


Gingivitis is caused by plaque build-up on your teeth. The plaque is an invisible sticky substance that is caused by your mouth bacteria interaction with starches and sugars. Those plaques build into tartar, the yellowish substance that can be found near the roots and in between teeth. This will eventually lead to irritated gums which will lead to inflammation. This inflammation of the gums is gingivitis.

The risks factors for gingivitis include poor oral hygiene, use of tobacco products, age, poor diet, conditions that decrease immunity, hormonal changes, genetics, and different fungal and viral infections. Chronic gingivitis can lead to further health complications. The good news is, gingivitis is easily preventable by maintaining good oral hygiene, regular dental visits, and good holistic health practices.


Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue gums in your mouth. Periodontitis has a similar cause to gingivitis and is typically a result of not taking care of gingivitis quickly. Though, periodontitis can sometimes be caused by other chronic inflammatory diseases or even from a long vitamin C defficiency. Periodontitis is also commonly caused by indirectly by medications that dry out the mouth.

Though similar, Periodontitis has much more severe health effects. They can cause gums to recede, tooth decay and damage, and even lead to teeth falling out. Not only this, but the inflammation caused by periodontitis is much more painful than gingivitis which can lead to jaw irritation and pain when chewing.


Treatment for Gum Disease

Once gum disease has advanced to this point, you should immediately make an appointment to treat this before serious damage is done to your teeth, jaw, and gums. Fortunately, our team in Clearwater, Florida is expertly trained to handle the most advanced cases of periodontitis. In fact, we check for all forms of gum disease and inflammation in our regular check-ups!

If you are concerned about your gum inflammation, we got you covered! Schedule a consultation with our Clearwater, FL location! Not near Clearwater? No worries! We have many locations across the Tampa Bay region! Consider viewing our locations to find the best place for you to visit! We look forward to meeting you and putting your gum disease worries to rest!



Gingivitis, Mayo Clinic, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gingivitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354453

Periodontitis, Mayo Clinic, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/periodontitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354473